Brief on the Nuclear Triad

F present news reports are any guide, many Americans are concerned about traditional military operations in the Middle East, in Africa, and in other geographical areas where U. S. interests are endangered. Regardless of this, war planners would be wise to know how we would wage nuclear war, if the need ever arise.

U. S. atomic operations can be divided into three broad areas: weapons delivery systems, command and control, and post-attack reconstruction.

Long-range bombers (B1, B2, B52) are the traditional means of delivering nuclear weapons. The number of aircraft available for these assignments has decreased since the mid-sixties, however, due to improvements in ground-to-air missiles by both the United States and from Russia. Nonetheless, there are post-attack targets that are suitable for these airplanes.
Land-based intercontinental ballistic missiles (Minuteman III) overcome the limitations of long-rang bombersnonetheless, the locations of missile silos are well-known and targeted.

Submarine-launched missiles (Trident II) overcome the constraints of both bombers and land-based missiles because the submarines operate in a stealth mode, making them evasive, if not impossible goals for an enemy.

Their targets are spelled out in what was once called the Single Integrated Operational Plan, SIOP for short. It became operational on 1 July 1961 and was meant to make certain that capabilities were closely matched to targets and that there was no overlap among elements of the Triad. In 2003 the SIOP became a part of OpPlan 8044, the general war plan. Although SIOP is technically not a current term, most senior officers understand precisely what it means.

Procedures for the control and control of nuclear weapons have been spelled out in detail, the main of which is the two-man rule. The two-man rule applies as well as the president of america, who must obtain concurrence from the Secretary of Defense before ordering Animal Control.

If the authorization for a nuclear strike is valid, the NMCC will issue an Emergency Action Message (EAM) to all nuclear-capable commands. This EAM will also be transmitted from the Alternate National Military Command Center (ANMCC) and by the National Emergency Airborne Command Post (NEACP). The EAM will specify targets, weapons for use, and Permissive Action Link (PAL) codes to unlock the shooting devices on the weapons.

When two senior officers in the NMCC concurrently turn keys to release an EAM, 100 million people, 50 million on each side, will perish. But in the United States 250 million will stay and survive, though under dire conditions. In Russia roughly 90 million will endure. Other consequences: infrastructure in shambles, destroyed power grids, nuclear fallout, critical shortages of food, water, and medical supplies. Americans will have to depend on Canada and Mexico for massive aid shipments, although the wall we’re now building along our southern boundary may be an impediment to much of this aid.

The United States and Russia will no longer be first-rate powers. For the whole next generation after a nuclear exchange, the two nations will be in reconstruction mode, just as Hiroshima and Nagasaki were in the years after World War II. In an atomic war there are no winners, just losers.

Manys Uses For Silver


We’ve always known silver as alloy utilized in the making of Bee Removal Orlando jewellery. Silver jewellery has always been popular amongst girls. Aside from the jewellery facet, silver bullion coins are regarded as the great investment. Also, they’re an excellent collectibles. From Silver Britannia, American Eagle and Silver Canadian Maple, people world over invest in silver coins as they provide excellent returns on investment.

Aside from these uses silver is also utilized in various industries because of its unique properties. Silver is a precious metal, we all know that. But it is a noble metal since it resists oxidation and corrosion. Not just that, it is the most excellent thermal and electrical conductor of all the metals, so it is excellent for electrical applications. Its antimicrobial, non-toxic qualities make it useful in medicine and consumer products. It can easily be malleable, so it is easily flattened into sheets. Also, it’s ductile, which allows it to be drawn into thin, flexible wire. This is why it is the best alternative for various industrial applications. Not only that, its photo sensitivity has given it a place in film photography.

Silver will not lose its valuable status in jewellery and coinage. And due to its special properties such as it can be powdered, made into paste, shaved into flakes, converted into a salt, made into alloy with other metals, flattened into sheets, drawn into wires, suspended as a colloid, or even used as a catalyst. These qualities make certain that silver will continue to be the king in a variety of industries.

As Investment

As a precious metal, silver bullion coins is rare and precious, making it a popular investment choice. People invest in silver bullion bars and coins. Its malleability makes silver a excellent alternative for designing and minting local currency. Lots of folks invest in silver by buying and storing 99.9% pure silver bullion bars, coins, or medallions.

As Jewelry

The qualities of being Malleable, reflectivity, and luster make silver a great selection for making jewellery and silverware. As silver is less expensive than gold, silver is the first choice for jewelry and a standard for fine dining.

As an Electronics

The top most use of silver in business is in electronics. Its unmatched thermal and electric conductivity among metals means it can’t easily be replaced by more affordable materials. Silver is used in electric switches. Electronics demand silver of the maximum purity: 99.99% pure.

Traditional film photography depends on the light sensitivity of silver halide crystals within film. The silver halide crystals change to record a latent image when the film is exposed to light. It then is developed into a picture. Silver can be used brazing and soldering while silver paste is used to make solar panels. Nuclear energy also utilizes silver. It’s used in chemical production as well. Silver plays a big role in medicine since ages due to its antibiotic grounds and non-toxicity.

5 Laws for Gold

We live in an impatient age, and when it comes to money we want more of it now, today, not tomorrow. When it’s a deposit for a mortgage or clearing those credit cards that sap our energy after we stopped enjoying what we bought with them, the sooner the better. When it comes to investing, we want easy pickings and quick returns. Hence the current mania for crypto-currencies. Why invest in nanotechnology or machine learning if Ethereum is locked in an endless upward spiral and Bitcoin is the gift that keeps on giving?

A century ago, the American writer George S Clason took another approach. From The Richest Man in Babylon he gave the world a treasure trove – literally – of monetary principles based on things which may seem old-fashioned today: caution, prudence and wisdom. Clason utilized the wise men of the ancient city of Babylon as the spokesmen for his financial advice, but that advice is as important today as it was a century ago, when the Wall Street Crash and the Great Depression were looming.

Take for instance, the five laws of gold. If you are looking to place your personal finances on a solid footing, wherever you are in life, these are for you:

Law No1: Gold comes thankfully and in increasing quantity to anybody who puts by at least a tenth of their earnings to create an estate for their future and that of the family. To put it differently, save 10 percent of your income. Minimum. Save more than that if possible. And that 10% is not for next year’s holiday or a new car. It’s for the long-term. Your 10% can include your retirement gifts, ISAs, premium bonds or any type of high interest/restricted access savings accounts. OK, interest rates for savers are at historical lows today, but who knows where they will be in five or ten years? And compound interest means your savings will grow quicker than you think.

Legislation No2: Gold labours diligently and contentedly for the smart owner who finds profitable employment for it. So, if you’re looking to invest rather than save, do it wisely. No crypto-currencies or pyramid schemes. We are focusing on the words”profitable” and”employment”. Make your money work for you but remember the best you can hope for this aspect of the rainbow is steady returns over the long run, not lottery wins. In practice this is likely to mean shares in based companies offering a normal dividend and a steady upward trend in share price. You may invest directly, or through a fund manager in the kind of unit trusts, but before parting with a single cent, see Laws 3, 4 and 5…

Legislation No3: Gold clings to the protection of this careful owner who invests it under the recommendation of those wise in managing it. Before you do anything, talk to a qualified, experienced financial adviser. If you do not know one, do some research. Check them out on the internet. What expertise do they have? What kind of clients? Read the reviews. Call them first and get a feel for what they can provide you with, then decide if a face to face meeting will work. Check out their commission agreements. Are they independent or tied to a specific company, under contract to push that provider’s financial products? A decent financial advisor will encourage you to get the basics in place: pension, life insurance, somewhere to live, before directing you towards investing in emerging markets and space travel. When you are satisfied that you’ve found an adviser you can depend on, listen to them. Trust their advice. But review your connection together at regular intervals, say annually, and if you are not happy, look elsewhere. Odds are, if your judgment was sound in the first place, you are going to stick with the exact same adviser for many years to come.

Law No4: Gold slips away from the person who invests it in companies or intentions with which they not familiar or which aren’t accepted by those skilled in its own keep. If you’ve got a deep knowledge of food retail, by all means invest in the supermarket that is increasing market share. Likewise, if you work for a company that has an employee share ownership scheme, it is logical to take advantage of it, if you’re sure that your company has good prospects. Nevertheless, you should never invest in any market or financial product that you don’t know (remember the Crash!) Or can’t fully research. If you are tempted to try your hand at currency dealing or options trading and you have a financial adviser, talk to them first. If they are not up to speed, ask them to refer you to someone who is. Best of all, steer clear of anything you’re not sure about, no matter how big the potential yields.

Law No5: Gold flees the one seeking impossible earnings or who follows the alluring advice of tricksters and schemers or who trusts his own inexperience. Again, the fifth law follows on the heels of the fourth. If you start scouring the web for financial advice and wealth creation ideas, your inbox will soon be filled with”tricksters and schemers” promising you the earth if you will spend #999 in their”system” for turning #1 into #1XXXXXX on the Chicago Mercantile Exchange. Bear in mind, the only one who makes money in a gold rush is the 1 selling shovels. Buy the incorrect shovel and you will quickly dig yourself into debt. Not only will you pay through the nose for a system that has no proven value; by following it you will most likely lose a lot more than the price you paid for this. At the very least you need to check real reviews of the item. And never get any system, investment vehicle or financial product from any company which is not registered by a national watchdog, like the Financial Conduct Authority for the UK.

These five laws are of greater value than gold … Next time we will look at George S Clason’s seven cures for a lean purse.

Great Recession a Decade Later

I thought you might be interested in some thoughts about the investment climate around the time of this”great recession”. You might find them disturbing, or enlightening, depending on where you think we are today.

It would be a”piece of cake” to prove that the”irrational exuberance” of the”.com bubble”, ten years or so later, was caused by blind faith worship of technical analysis, as the”no worth at all sector” flourished while rewarding, higher quality, dividend payers significantly underperformed NASDAQ’s more speculative issues.
More lately, blame for”The Great Recession” could well have been laid at the feet of big government, misguided authorities, and Modern Portfolio Theory zealots rather than heaped upon Wall Street banking institutions, complicit as they were in forming the disaster. There was plenty of guilt to pass around. , Jeffrey Cooper paraphrases a similarly titled article by Stewart Sterk.
Sterk, in my opinion, supports the assertion that Modern Portfolio Theory (MPT) and its computer creation”The Efficient Capital Market Hypothesis” were directly, without reasonable doubt, the cause of the current global financial crisis.
By removing the”prudence” from the Prudent Man Rule, the federal government had permitted hypothesis and theory to replace gains and periodic recurring interest payments. Effectively, probabilities, standard deviations, and correlation coefficients replaced basic value analytics, real gain numbers, and income generation capacities, as determinants of investment acceptability in trusteed portfolios.
No class or type of investment is inherently imprudent. Therefore, junior lien loans, limited partnerships, derivatives, futures, options, commodities, and similar investment vehicles, were acceptable.
At exactly the exact same time, Congress was: encouraging lenders to make mortgages available to absolutely everyone; allowing federal mortgage providers to bundle products for Wall Street; preventing the SEC from regulating a burgeoning derivatives industry; and making all regulators remain clear of any involvement with an increasing interest in”credit default swap” gambling.
My assessment is that we remain in an”artificial portfolio” bubble as this is being written.

Not even Dodd Frank contained a solution to the problems that fostered the recession/ correction (at least not efficiently ). Both pension and defined contribution plan (401k) trustees continue to be expected to concentrate on portfolio market value increase instead of growing the earnings that plan participants will need in retirement… conservative, income based, portfolios will be fined mercilessly by feckless regulators for”poor performance”.

The very popular”retirement income fund” in the world (Vanguard’s VTINX) generates less than 2% in spending money, check it out… while hundreds of different securities, safely yielding much more, are unacceptable to the authorities.
With no meaningful correction for over ten decades, it seems likely that countless investors are going to become victims of a”How Could This Be Happening, Again” debacle.
Blinded By The Math

MPT doesn’t just ignore all basic analytics while enjoying Frankenstein with the technical variety, it also pays no attention to the fact of market, rate of interest, and economic cycles. It’s generated an investment environment that has taken diversification to new heights of lunacy by including every possible speculation from the formulation, while disregarding fundamental quality and income creation.

The only significant”risk”, it postulates, is”market risk”… in reality only the always clear and present danger of all securities and markets. The MPT mixologists’ concoction:

Combine all market price numbers of securities irrespective of quality positions, income, as well as profitability numbers
determine how these numbers varied against one another during various past market scenarios… regardless of cyclical cause
measure the dispersion of the results as they relate to the typical and newest iterations of the actual numbers (what!)
Measure the probability of every possible result, assign a”standard deviation” market value change risk measurement to each possible outcome, and finish by correlating the various risk assessments.
MPT portfolio construction ensures that everything owned is negative directionally correlated to nearly everything else, without ever owning a single stock or bond, or contemplating the amount of income created by the portfolio. Thus creating, eh, producing, a passively managed… well, I have not quite determined what such a portfolio is.

The”oxymoronic” passive management (allow the formulas and standard deviations steer your retirement jumped ship) of”Modern Portfolio Theory” may initially have a sexy ring to it… until you try to figure out exactly what it does to the information it fuels itself on.

Aren’t we bringing too much science into a relatively simple method of measuring dollars for ownership interests in business enterprises… an age old means for carrying measured financial risk in the quest for improved personal wealth.

MPT has spewed forth thousands of derivative products that have changed the equity playing area…

Should an uptick at a”triple-short-the-S & P 500″ ETF be regarded as a positive or a negative?
Should individual issue numbers be corrected for the amount of derivative entities that hold them, short or long?
Does share price have anything whatsoever to do with fundamental price or is it the impact of derivative parlor game action?
S & P p/e ratios are approximately 50% higher than they were five decades ago; a sampling of high-dividend-paying ETFs sports an ordinary p/e more than double that of the S & P.. . And none of your advisers (myself excluded) seems concerned with the anemic level of earnings being generated by your retirement-bound portfolios.
Modern Portfolio Theory would have us believe that the future is, indeed, predictable in a reasonable degree of error. Theorists, research economists, other professors, and Wall Street marketing departments have always gone — and they’ve always been wrong.

Any claim to precision; any attempt to time the market; any expectation of being in the right place at the right time, most of the time, is just not a fact of investing. And there’s the rub for both kinds of analysis, and for”the emperor’s new clothes” risk assessment techniques and”active asset allocation” processes so well known in MPT.

So long as we live in a world where there are tsunamis and Madoffs; politicians and terrorists; large corporate egos and a lot more dangerous major government; and imperfect intelligence (both artificial and human ) there will be no hope of certainty.

Get over it, reality is really cool once you’ve learned to deal with it.

All of the disciplines, concepts, and procedures described therein work together to produce (in my experience) a safer, more income productive, investment experience. No implementation should be undertaken without a complete understanding of all aspects of the process.

The Race That Stops To Nations


The Caulfield Cup has for a long time been the most important lead-up race to the Melbourne Cup but that trend has been changing in recent years as coaches tend to target either the Caulfield Cup or the Melbourne Cup with their horses. Some coaches will use the non group one races as lead-ups rather than the usual ones in the past such as the Caulfield Cup, Cox Plate, and McKinnon Stakes.

The Geelong Cup has been shown to be a valuable lead-up race since 2002 when Media Puzzle won that race then followed up by winning the Flemington feature. Others to have successfully follow the exact same route to the big race were Americain (2010) and Dunaden (2011). All these are European trained horses.

The W.S. Cox Plate at Moonee Valley has been a favorite race for Melbourne Cup contenders but this race like the Caulfield Cup is one that trainers tend to target on its own. Still several recent Melbourne Cup winners had their most recent race in the Cox Plate before Flemington. Prince of Penzance was the first horse since the 1980s that raced at the Moonee Valley Cup before going on to win the Melbourne Cup at its very next start.

In 2016, the Cup was won by Almandin who won the Bart Cummings Stakes at his most recent start in early October while Protectionist, the 2014 winner, finished fourth in the Herbert Power Handicap in his latest start prior to the big race. What these races have in common is that they are all at 2400 metres or 2500 metres. The Caulfield Cup, Geelong Cup, and the Lexius Stakes will also be at that distance range.

The last horse to have raced on Derby Day then come out and win the Melbourne Cup three days later was Shocking who won the Lexius Stakes in 2009 but that isn’t to say that the winner of another Cup will not have raced on Derby Day. Every Melbourne Cup has to be taken on its own merits when studying the form book not all Cups will follow previous scripts.

Riding The Emotional Roller Coaster of Racing

The emotional rollercoaster of motorsport can work on both long and short timescales. Sometimes, a team’s transition from the rear of the area up to the podium can take weeks or years. The weekend just passed was one that had its ups and downs.

The group entered the weekend with all three of its drivers in the top 5 of the championship, and one, now leading it. The confidence in the car was in an all-time high, and reliability has been improving all season. The track, one of the fastest in the country, should favour the back wheel drive BMWs, and the weather was looking good. This should be a good weekend. The leading driver was carrying maximum ballast as is faked which wasn’t going to help his chances, but should not cause too much of an issue. He is a talented driver who has had ballast before – not a problem.

The rollercoaster reached its apex.

Free practice one was spent scrubbing tyres. No true testing as such was done until the end of the session, but a brake bias error meant a spin under breaking coming into a heavily gravel-trapped hairpin. The time lost because of the red flag for recovery, and the clearing from the huge quantity of gravel, meant there was no time for any installation changes or refinement during the session.

The rollercoaster was over the top now.

During Free Practice Two, multiple setup changes of varying achievement and impact were attempted, but there was hardly any noticeable improvement in lap times. The problem was simply that our driver had only two laps to test each setup change before pitting and trying the next thing on the list. Normally, these changes are spread out over two sessions. Not every change you make will enhance the car, and unfortunately, as FP2 closed, the car wasn’t on the pace we had come to expect by this stage of the season.

Down we go.

Next up was qualifying. Given the natural benefit of rear-wheel drive in wet conditions, the ominous rainclouds were actually a welcome sight. Rain would equalise the pack a bit more and provide the BMWs a opportunity to make up any performance deficit. The first couple of laps were dry but the pace wasn’t there. Then the rain came, and boy, did it come! The rain was so torrential that the session was in fact red flagged due to safety concerns. By the time the session restarted, the cars were suffering from water ingress in the electronic equipment and ended up at the very back of the grid for race 1. The back of the grid, 28th place, with 75kg of ballast in the car.

Where is the bottom?

Following the disappointing qualifying session, the weather worsened. Something not found frequently in Blightly, but a tornado (yes, a TORNADO) came through the paddock. This freak weather induced terminal damage to the hospitality awnings and the entire team was out in the (now returned) torrential rain, angle grinding, cutting, hammering and spannerring to get the remains of the awning safe. The entire team, still reeling from qualifying, were now drenched through, not to mentioned the damage done to team property or to relationships with sponsors and VIPs.

Is this it?

The engineers and motorists sat down and discussed an action plan. What can be done to recoup the weekend? Was everything lost? Absolutely not! Decisions were made and changes to the automobile were done late in to the night. Everything adjustable was corrected. Gear ratios were altered. Engine maps were tweaked. Like something out of a Hollywood blockbuster, the car was transformed. Untested, yes, but changed.

When do we go back up?

Race one started in glorious sunshine. The team and cars had dried out overnight, but the long walk down to the back of the grid wasn’t something the team often had to perform. The untested car seemed solid on the outlap into the grid, but this is never a real test of performance. Last checks done, 75kg of ballast on-board, 28th on the grid. The race started.

In the end, up we go!

He made up 18 places, an unbelievable outcome and better than anyone had hoped for. The overnight transformation had worked miracles and the speed in the car was rear. 10th also meant no more ballast, in addition to starting in 10th for race two. An excellent result!

Things are looking up!

Race two started with a much shorter walk down the grid. No ballast on-board, and only a few minor alterations to compensate for the 75kg lower weight. He just went and won it! He drove like the professional he is and put the car in the front of the pack, winning by nearly 3 seconds. Who’d have thought after the gloomy Saturday, that race day would include a victory. What is more, another of our drivers was third, so a double podium. An excellent result!

All that was left was race . Ballast back in the car because of winning race 2, and a reverse grid meant starting down at the middle of the pack. The unfavoured hard tyres were also required for this race. The end result was a good middle of the pack finish. Not terrible, but not on the scale of achievement of races one and two.

So the drivers leave the round with all three still in the top 10, two still in the top 5, and one still leading the championship. A result that although anticipated on Friday, appeared to fade away during Saturday.

The value in persevering, not giving up under hardship, and striving to win regardless of how the odds are stacked against you can’t be understated. A bad practice or qualifying session, does not have to ruin your race. It does not have to ruin your championship hopes. It doesn’t even have to ruin your day.

Keep your chin up, your head in the game and determination in overdrive, and as a team, wonderful things will happen.

Please remain seated until the ride has come to a complete halt.

Going Fishing

Fish Rod – Bait Casting, Spinning, Telescopic, Fly Rods and Much More
Fishing Reel – Bait Casting, Spinning, Fly Reels and more
Clothing for Fishermen – Male and Female
Fishing Equipment for Children, Boys and Girls
Fish Hooks – a Huge range for various types of fishing
Lures and Flies
Fishing Line, Braided and Nylon and everything in between
Fishing Accessories – impossible to Record all that is available
Fishing Combos – Rod and Reel plus other needed goodies all in one
I Urge CATCH AND RELEASE and here are a few tips to use.
While initially used extensively as the domain of Fly Fishermen,”catch and release” is now practiced by most fishermen. Fish stocks worldwide are under pressure, some forms more that other so unless you grab for the pot release the fish. Most of us unfortunately have no idea if the fish is male or female, carrying eggs or not so releasing the fish safely back to its habitat is the right thing to do.
These hooks are designed so that the point is turned away from the shank to form a round shape. The Circle Hook has been heavily researched and is a must for many catch-and-release anglers. Eliminate the Barb on the hook.Use a pair of pliers or forceps to squash the barb down. This makes for much more interesting fishing as you need to keep the line taught so that the fish does not spit out the hook. Barbless hooks are much safer, simpler and quicker to remove therefore causes less stress for the fish.

Be Careful!!

Be conscious of the fact that hooking a fish is extremely stressful for it. Too much stress can allow the fish die even after hours following release.

To combat this problem use oversize equipment to land the fish as soon as possible.
Use a web that will not damage the fish.
Use surgical forceps or special pliers and a tool which may reduce the metal of this hook if necessary.
If your forceps/pliers won’t release the hook then cut on the line where it is tied to the hook. The hook will rust soon and give the fish a better chance of recovery.
Never ever attempt to remove a hook through the fish’s gills. In fact don’t touch the gills in any respect.


Fish may appear lethargic when released. Hold the fish to the stream or in still water hold the fish lightly and move it backward and forward until you feel it is about to be released.

And now the main issue!

While the catch and release issue but it’s definitely in the forefront of saving our oceans for future generations.
You have no doubt seen on the news and other TV programs about global pollution of the oceans. It’s in everyone’s interest to be responsible!
Leave the area better than you found it. Always have a container or bag with you to take your garbage, used line, lures, flies, bait containers and more with you to dispose of in the right manner.

Wildlife Rehab

Image result for wildlife rehab

Most Wildlife Rehabilitation Centers are not large like the ones you see on the character programs on T.V.. The majority of us run from our houses and backyards. We do it without any Federal or State funding. We do it out of love for nature. We are a few of the Division of Wildlife’s biggest volunteers; we do thousands of hours a year. Funding our centers is our responsibility. Our education is our duty also. In most states you need to be licensed by the state and sometimes also the Federal Government. This is for the critter’s wellbeing, because he then goes to a person trained to handle that species.

It requires long hours and lots of money (that you do not have). In one day you will be shown something amazing, and come face to face with death. The best paycheck ever is successfully releasing that critter back into the wild. Which is good, for there is no glory in cleaning up piles and piles of manure. It is strictly for the love of these animals. You shoot all the coyotes, and then you have population problems with species that they eat, such as the cottontails or gophers. It’s the delicate balance of nature.

What we do as Wildlife Rehabbers is to try and help keep the balance between man and wildlife. Virtually everything we get in is because of some kind of human conflict. As we move farther and farther into”critter land” we will have a growing number of conflicts with character, your garden is that raccoon’s backyard too. We simply need to learn to co-exist, not take over but co-exist. If everything in nature has its place and has learned to coexist except for us, well why? Why do we want to change the behavior of everything so as to get along with it? As Wildlife Rehabilitators we need to be sensitive to that creature or birds needs. This is why if you find wildlife in trouble call your local licensed Wildlife Rehabilitator. They’ve been trained to help. We can all pitch in with the preservation of our own backyards. And if we’re really really lucky, we get to see that critter return to the wild and live as it was intended. That is a job well done! And it takes all of us.

Never leave your animal alone

Dog In The Car, Laughing, Labrador, Pet

Never leave your pets in a parked car, not even for a minute. Not even with the car running and air conditioner on. On a warm day, temperatures inside a vehicle can grow rapidly to dangerous levels. On an 85-degree day, by way of example, the temperature inside a car with the windows opened slightly can reach 102 degrees within 10 minutes. After 30 minutes, the temperature will reach 120 degrees. Your pet may undergo irreversible organ damage or die.

As someone who resides in a tiny coastal city in the Pacific Northwest, I know that probably 5 out of 10 people in the region drive around with their 4 legged friends riding shotgun. We are usually cool enough for our pets to be safe but as summer is fast speeding us up we need to think about how the increasing temperature can place our pets into risk.

It important to think about the humidity and not just the ambient temperature. Animals pant to evaporate moisture from their lungs, which takes away heat from their body. If the humidity is too high, they are unable to cool themselves, and their temperature will skyrocket to dangerous levels-very quickly. So in areas with high humidity always think about this when determining if your pet can go for a ride with you or not.

Take care when exercising your pet. Adjust intensity and duration of exercise in accordance with the temperature. On very hot days, limit exercise to early morning or evening hours, and be particularly careful with pets with white-colored ears, who are more vulnerable to skin cancer, and short-nosed pets, who typically have difficulty breathing.

Pets respond differently to heat than individuals do. (Dogs, for example, sweat primarily through their feet.) So don’t rely on lovers they do not cool off pets as effectively as they do people.

Whenever your pet is outside, be sure he or she has protection from heat and sun and plenty of clean, cold water. In heat waves, add ice to water when possible. Tree color and tarps are ideal because they don’t obstruct air flow. A doghouse does not provide relief from heat-in fact, it makes it even worse. Always ensure that your pet has a place to get out of the sun either under a tree or under a tarp covered area to be certain they don’t get overheated.

Rehoming your pet

Dog, Cute, Animal, Pet, Puppy, Looking

It may be frustrating and hurtful some days scrolling down Facebook and studying banners with odes to animals, poetry to creatures like”I will keep you forever, I’ll never leave you at an animal shelter. My commitment to you will never perish.” There’s another banner showing a picture of a dog driving the car, and his owner operating behind the car and it says something to the effect” That’s what you get for dumping me in the animal shelter.”

Once in a while, I will read comments from people when they see a post of a”pitiful looking dog staring at a shelter wall”. The post calling out for someone on FB to rescue this poor dog. The comments from individuals, many are in judgement of the people who dropped off the dog will state”how do they do this”,”how can someone be so cruel.”

And I ask myself what do they believe an animal shelter is for? If we are going to have animals as pets, there will always be animal shelters. I worked for the Marin Humane Society for a little over five years. It was tiring at times getting animals over the counter. Initially, I did get frustrated with people, since I was still young. I did not have a lot of life experience. I was quick to judge.

One day, two guys walked into the shelter and put a little lap dog on top of the counter. I put my incoming form on the counter, grabbed a pen, didn’t look up and started asking them the list of questions on the form when pushing over to them the”owner surrender questionnaire”. I started reciting our policy making sure to repeat the euthanasia policy over at least three times to be certain they got it. Never looking at them.

Finally, after a couple of minutes, one of the guys asked me”he will not get put to sleep, right. He’s very adoptable. People today want small dogs.” Again, I didn’t look the dog owner in the eye, I just recited the euthanasia policy. And than he said”where’s Carol. We spoke to Carol and she said everything would be okay, our dog wouldn’t be murdered.”

I’ll stop here and say that the dog was quite cute and it was 99.9% sure, this dog could be embraced in Marin in a snap.

At this point, I was embarrassed. I didn’t want Carol to step in. I realized I had screwed up and I wasn’t really looking at the reality of the circumstance. I was in judgement over both of these good looking, wealthy looking men and wasn’t seeing their heart.

I finally looked into their eyes. “I am so sorry. Give me another opportunity to help you. Yes, your dog is cute and his chances of being put to sleep are next to nothing unless he got really really sick and we couldn’t treat him.”

Among the guys, let out a big sigh and smiled at me. “I’m so happy Janet. Thank you Janet. Thank you. This is so hard for me. I have AIDS and I am going into hospice. I wish to make sure my little dog gets a great home.”

And I don’t need to tell you what type of lesson that taught me twenty six years old. After I filled out the paperwork, I found Carol and handed her sweet little dog.

When I was losing my farm, I had to rehome animals. When I was living on the ranch in Lake County, I needed to return my pony back to the rescue I adopted him from. I was so broke I knew I wouldn’t be able to provide him proper trimming and the sort of feed that he needed to reduce founder. I cried when I walked him to the trailer that picked him up from me. Years later, I contacted the lady who adopted him to ask for a picture since I wanted to write a story about him. All my pictures have been lost and destroyed from the past. She didn’t respond to my message. I think she read the note, since it shows”seen” on messenger on Facebook. . I will not write her again. I don’t want to make someone feel uncomfortable. I’ll miss having a picture of”Little Eddie” to remind me of who he was and who he is and my love for him.

Lately, I had been sharing a cup of coffee with a friend of mine and she was telling me how she had to spend a year on a plan to put her horses and her other creatures because she had to leave a relationship that was unhealthy for her. She cried on the way to work back and forth on her commute everyday for a year knowing she’d have to perform it.

People’s lives change. They suffer losses. They lose rentals that allowed animals and can’t find new ones which do. People get sick. Folks die. People realize they really can’t take care of a dog, a horse, a cat. People lose their jobs and can’t afford feed, vet care, or training.

Folks give up animals for many reasons.

Why you should adopt a pet

British Shorthair, Cat, Pet, Mieze

Or, thinking of getting that cute little ball of fur called a kitten running about playfully in your home? Thinking about going to the nearby pet shop to purchase one? Stop your pet search then and there, and think,”Why should I spend my money on purchasing a pet once I have the choice of adopting one?”

Makes sense, right?

Well, as you may see, besides saving your dollars, adopting a pet comes with tons of other benefits.

1. As stated earlier, pets for adoption generally cost less than the ones offered for sale in pet shops.
3. Pets offered for sale in pet shops are reared for the purpose of selling, keeping profit in mind rather than the health of the pets and are therefore, often sick and behaviorally troubled. Pets for adoption aren’t reared for commercial purposes. Ever since, before being available for adoption, they had an owner who took care of them, they are usually healthy and well behaved.
4. Pets for adoption come in every size, age, breed, and color and so you get a larger variety to select from.
5. Most pet shop owners keep the critters in dreadful conditions and the elderly female animals are treated as breeding machines. They have no genuine concern for these creatures. Without purchasing from them, you can feel self righteous as you haven’t given them a dime.
6. So you don’t have to bear the extra task of getting them vaccinated.
7. By adopting a pet, not only are you giving it a home, but also you’re helping provide shelter to another homeless animal which will be taken in, instead of the animal you’ve adopted.
8. Having an animal as a pet has been found to be psychologically and emotionally beneficial to their own companions. The feeling that you have saved an animal by embracing it also provides you self-satisfaction and makes you feel proud of yourself.
9. When you adopt a pet from a pet shelter, they inform you ahead of the”do’s and don’ts” so that you become well aware of what your pet enjoys and what provokes it.
10. Last of all, you can brag on your social circles about having adopted a pet!

Now that you are convinced about the benefits of adopting a pet, create a pet search online and find out the nearest pet shelter from which you can embrace your pet.

Did you know this about cinnamon?

Cinnamon Stick Cinnamon Powder Spice Flavo

We have to go back as far as year 3000 BC to find the first traces of cinnamon in Egypt, where it was used to embalm the dead.

The specific origins of cinnamon didn’t became apparent until the Middle Ages. Until then, mythical tales encompassed this remarkable spice. According to a lot of classical roman authors for instance, cinnamon grew around a lake protected by colossal birds. Whoever wanted to take it, would have to discover a way to mislead them.

In the Middle Ages, Arabs were no longer the only ones to market cinnamon in the Western world. Spice trade gained a massive political and economical role. One of the original goals of Columbus’ journey, that ended up with the discovery of America, was to enlarge the trade routes to the East.

Venice started to purchase cinnamon in the Arabs and became the sole trader in Europe. This monopoly lasted until 1505, when Portugal discovered Sri Lanka (Ceylon), a goldmine for cinnamon. They were conquered by the Dutch one hundred years later.

Nowadays Cinnamon is cultivated in many countries, such as India, Brazil and Vietnam to name a few, even though Sri Lanka still produces 90% of all cinnamon.

Regardless of all the political and historic changes, the ways in which cinnamon can be used remain the same: as a medicament, in the kitchen, and more recently to keep insects away.

Pregnancy symptoms

Pregnant, Pregnant Woman, Gestation

The early signs of pregnancy being talked about here are much before the fifth week once the first menstrual period is missed. Yes, there are other symptoms of pregnancy that could indicate towards a woman having successfully conceived.

Tenderness in Breasts

The breasts getting tender and a bloated stomach is also an early indication of pregnancy. Because these pregnancy symptoms are similar to what happens before the phases it can be confusing. Women also start to urinate more often a week or so after having conceived. This too happens much before the first period is missed. The body temperature may also go up after conceiving. This pregnancy symptom occurs because of ovulation. This symptom continues almost until the time when the next period is anticipated.


Pink or brown spotting similar to the beginning of menstrual periods during this time is among early signs of pregnancy. The discharge a significant pregnancy symptom isn’t as significant as menstrual bleeding. This occurs due to implantation. It’s very important that the pregnancy be confirmed through a test. If there is excessive bleeding while the test shows a positive result then the mother must consult a gynecologist. This often occurs in the event of an embryo attaching itself into the wrong part of the uterus. Such a situation can give rise to complications.

Women often experience extreme fatigue and restlessness in the first part of their pregnancy. This is again a pregnancy symptom that can be extremely confusing. It’s exactly like any other form of tiredness that the body undergoes due to stress and exhaustion. The consequences of the uterus, due to after exercising or experiencing an orgasm, possibly recognized as an early indication of pregnancy.

How do I know for certain that I am pregnant in the first one month?

There is no way of knowing for certain that you’re pregnant in the first one month. A pregnancy test is the only way one can know for sure.

What next?

Following the discovery of the early signs of pregnancy and a positive test result, you need to become careful about everything that you do. Giving up, or, at least slowly cutting down on smoking and alcohol become extremely important. Special attention must be paid to diet.

It is imperative that extreme caution is exercised during the period of pregnancy. The sooner you know about your pregnancy the better equipped you are to focus on the healthy development of your child. Tracking and being able to spot the early signs of pregnancy is then important.

Yummy grapefruit

Grapefruit, Grapefruit Red, Citrus

When was the last time you had a grapefruit in the morning or anytime of the day? Grapefruits can make great corporate gifts!

Why did you eat that grapefruit? Was it because it was just there or was it a part of your normal diet plan since you’re concerned about keeping your good health?

If you have consumed a grapefruit at least one time then you might be one who cares about your own wellness. And. If you do eat fresh grapefruits and other citrus frequently then I would dare to say that you care about your own health and wellbeing. This practice is commendable and is a boon to your body. Grapefruits have many vitally essential nutrients your body needs in addition to the high content of Vitamin C. You could be lacking plenty of nutrients if you’re not having your daily intake of grapefruit juice.

If you’re not eating fresh grapefruits or drinking Floridas’ 100% pure grapefruit juice, regularly then it may be time for you to pay a little more attention to your health. You should make it your business to add a good nutrition plan in your daily diet so that you may be in tip top shape mentally and physically every day.

According to recent statistics, obesity is a huge problem in the USA and around the world. Eating Grapefruit has been proven to burn fat off your body and slim and trim your body. Grapefruit diets and any type of consumption would be a wise move to get in better physical shape but you must be consistent with it so you can see positive results.

The latest Obesity Statistics shows that USA Obesity Rates have reached Epidemic Proportions. Here are the numbers:

o 58 Million Overweight; 40 Million Obese; 3 Million morbidly Obese
O Eight out of 10 over 25 year olds are Overweight
o 78 percent of American is not meeting basic level action recommendations
o 25% completely Sedentary
o 76% increase in Type II diabetes in adults 30-40 yrs old since 1990

Let us suppress this obesity problem by preparing a campaign in your community community to consume fresh grapefruits every day. Challenge your neighbors and family and friends to see who will take off the maximum weight by needing a definite period. Make it fun!

Better still compose a letter to your congressman or city council man to proclaim the month of February to be the National Grapefruit Month. Be excited about it. Make it a major issue. Talk about it among your friends, family members, neighbors etc.. But. Also send out your corporate executive gifts of grapefruits to people concerned.

There are many ways to get the benefits of grapefruit. Visit the website in the resource box and you will never run out of ideas. You will become a fan of grapefruits and the family of citrus since they contribute tremendously to your whole health.

If you don’t want to eat it by itself, then it is possible to add the pulp and segments or pegs to your salads, cakes, sorbets, sauces, and cocktails and much more. The options are endless!

You can be creative and enjoy fresh grapefruit in a variety of ways. . Here are a few suggestions that you engross yourself in a joyous feast of grapefruits with your meals during the day, every day.

O Add the sections of fresh grapefruit to your favorite salads.
O Add some to broiled or grilled fish or poultry.
O Add fresh grapefruit sections into your gelatin salad.
O Sprinkle some brown sugar and cinnamon over sugar and bring to a bubbly broil. This makes a great side dish –with your pork and ham or favorite dessert.
O Add fresh grapefruit juice and healthy marinade and or basting liquid when you are having baked fish or chicken. Squeeze a little juice over vegetables instead of using salt or butter and you’ll be delighted of the flavor.
O Create a decorative platter of fresh grapefruit segments and ripe avocado slices with a touch of sweet French dressing of your choice.

So, take an active part in promoting better health in your house, local community and get your local civic organization involved–State, County, City, Town and other organizations–with eating more grapefruits. They make great corporate gifts baskets. At the website in the resource box. Be sure to send some grapefruits to your officials as executive corporate gifts–as well.

Stress can kill

Adult Annoyed Blur Burnout Concentration F

Did you know that 75-90% of all visits to primary care physicians are due to stress-related illness? We’ve all heard about stress: what causes it, what it does to us. And have you developed healthy habits for managing stress?

Today’s article will give you a brief background about how stress affects our brain and body and then give you practical options for de-stressing and managing the stress that’s part of most everyone’s life. I remember being 9 years old and hearing Norman Vincent Peale say that’ the only people who don’t have problems (stress) are those lying at the cemetery’.

Our nervous systems are designed to keep us safe and alive. In cave men days, we might encounter a wild animal that was one of our predators. We are designed to’fight’ or’flee’ when a predator threatens us. In other words, our brains release neurochemicals which make us quickly (so we can run away from the predator – flee) and strong (so we can fight and kill our predator). This puts us in ‘survival mode’. This surge of’stress hormones’ as we now refer to them will be instantaneous, and then go away quickly as the need disappears.

Think of the adrenal rush you feel when you nearly have a car accident. You do not need to think about releasing the adrenal, it happens automatically when you feel threatened by an oncoming vehicle. It makes you more alert and speeds up your response time so that you can safely avoid the crash. And then, it goes off very quickly after the episode and you unwind.

In our society we rarely encounter actual predators that threaten our lives. Instead we face chronic’stressors’ that activate the same’fight or flight’ response that a predator would activate. And instead of going away quickly, the stress hormones remain high in our systems nearly always. These same stress hormones which work so well to help us survive in a dangerous situation then become a threat to our health when they remain chronically high.

Stress hormones are released when: you are feeling pressured by time, always in a hurry with too much to do; you have arguments with your spouse, children or your own boss; you don’t have sufficient money; you worry about your health; you are exposed to toxins in your food and environment; you get frustrated dealing with bureaucracy; you lay in bed at night (when you ought to be relaxed) with your ideas racing about all the things you need to get done. Phew! It’s stressful just to think about all these things.

ACTION How to counter these present sources of stress in your life

You will need to realize how important managing your stress is to your health and make it a priority. Recall being stressed is deadly! Look at the chronic stresses in particular that never get solved or that recur regularly.

Look for ways to change the stressful circumstances. By way of instance, if your job is very stressful, make adjustments that ease the stress, and talk to your boss about options for change. If this doesn’t work, start looking for a less stressful job situation. Your life depends upon it.

Understand how you react to stress and to learn how to manage your response. Do you feel overwhelmed, angry, frustrated, stressed, or hopeless? Different people will respond differently to the same stressor. Some folks become very angry at seemingly minor matters while others never seem to get angry. Remember the name of Richard Carlson’s book Don’t Sweat the Small Stuff. And It’s All Small Stuff.

Pay attention to your thoughts. If you worry constantly, you’ll be in a constant survival mode. Worry and anger release stress hormones. Learn how to manage your thoughts. Replace stress or negative thinking with calm, positive thoughts.

This calms the mind and the body and helps to reduce the amount of stress hormones in your body. Many meditations focus on the breath. By regulating your breathing you regulate your stress hormones. It works!

Exercise regularly. Find an exercise that you enjoy and fit it in everyday. While you’re exercising, watch your own thoughts. If you spend the whole time feeling angry about something and running it over and over in your mind, you will negate some of the benefits of the exercise.

Speak to someone about how you are feeling. Don’t attempt to do it all alone. When you discuss your feelings with someone else you’ll feel much better. And they may have some excellent suggestions for helping you de-stress.

Get some help. Design your life so you’re doing just those things that only you can do. For instance, if you are in business, focus on serving your customers and attracting more customers and nothing else. Get an assistant to answer the telephone, manage your emails, do the bookkeeping, etc.. At home, get some cleaning aid, use Stop and Shop Peapod to get your groceries delivered to your home, and hire someone to mow your yard.

Eat a healthy diet on a regular schedule. Do not skip meals. Make sure you are getting all the nutrients your body has to handle stress. Eat organic foods whenever possible to reduce your toxic load. Eat only the calories you will consume daily.

Nurture yourself. Get a great night’s sleep. Get a massage. Relax in a warm bath or hot tub. Read a fantastic book. Watch a popular movie. Listen to a relaxing or cheerful music. Go out to dinner with a few friends. Play a game with your kids. Sing. Watch a fantastic comedian. Get outside and allow nature rejuvenate you.

Make an appointment with a psychotherapist. A therapist will help you understand yourself better and help you explore options for changing the stressful situation and how you respond to stress. They’ll help you manage your thoughts and feelings.

Experiencing chronic pain is quite stressful and places the body in survival mode. If necessary get expert help for pain management.

Do some Neurofeedback Training. Neurofeedback is a form of biofeedback on brainwaves that teaches your brain to regulate itself . It’s effective for depression, anxiety, sleep disorders, and much more. It is approved by the FDA for stress control. Read my next newsletter to learn how to’Change Your Mind’ so you’re not stuck in an non-productive, stressful thinking pattern.